I-Wuxi Flyt New Energy Technology Co, Ltd.

Amandla amancane kagesi ophephela womoya

Kubhekisa kunqubo yokukhiqiza yokuguqula amandla kagesi, uphethiloli wamalahle (amalahle, uwoyela, igesi yemvelo) amandla ashisayo, amandla enuzi, amandla elanga, amandla omoya, amandla we-geothermal, amandla olwandle, njll kumandla kagesi ngokusebenzisa amadivayisi wamandla okukhiqiza amandla, okubizwa ngokuthi ukukhiqizwa kwamandla. Isetshenziselwe ukuhlinzeka ngezidingo zemikhakha eyahlukahlukene yezomnotho wezwe kanye nezimpilo zabantu. Amadivayisi okukhiqiza amandla ahlukaniswa ngokufakwa kwamandla kagesi ashisayo, amadivayisi we-hydropower, amadivayisi kagesi wenuzi namanye amadivayisi okukhiqiza amandla kagesi ngohlobo lwamandla. Isikhungo samandla kagesi esishisayo siqukethe ama-boilers ezitshalo zamandla, ama-turbine kagesi, ama-generator (ngokuvamile abizwa ngokuthi izinjini ezintathu ezinkulu) namadivayisi abo asizayo. Isikhungo samandla kagesi ophehla amandla kagesi siqukethe isethi yokukhiqiza ugesi ophephela amanzi, umbusi, umshini wokubacindezela namanye amadivayisi asizayo. Isikhungo samandla enuzi sine-reactor yenuzi, i-generator ye-steam, i-generator turbine generator set nezinye izinto ezisizayo. Amandla kagesi kulula ukuwalawula kuneminye imithombo yamandla ekukhiqizeni, ekudluliseni nasekusetshenzisweni. Ngakho-ke, kungumthombo wamandla wesibili ofanele. Ukuphehlwa kwamandla kagesi kusenkabeni yomkhakha wamandla kagesi, onquma isilinganiso semboni yamandla futhi kuthinte nokuthuthukiswa kokuhanjiswa, ukuguqulwa, nokusatshalaliswa kohlelo lukagesi. Ekupheleni kweminyaka yama-1980, izinhlobo eziyinhloko zokukhiqizwa kwamandla kwakuwukuphehla ugesi oshisayo, ukukhiqizwa kwamandla kagesi kanye nokukhiqizwa kwamandla enuzi, kanti izizukulwane ezintathu zaba ngaphezu kuka-99% wesamba esiphelele sokuphehla ugesi. Ngenxa yomthelela wamalahle, uwoyela, imithombo yegesi yemvelo kanye nokungcola kwemvelo, inani lokuphehlwa kwamandla kagesi ezishisayo emhlabeni lehle lisuka ku-70% laya cishe kuma-64% ngawo-1980; i-hydropower icishe yathuthukiswa ngenxa yemithombo yamanzi ethuthukile ezimbonini. 90%, ngakho-ke inani ligcinwa cishe kuma-20%; inani lokukhiqizwa kwamandla enuzi liyakhula, futhi ngasekupheleni kuka-1980, lase lidlule ku-15%. Lokhu kukhombisa ukuthi ngokushoda kwamafutha ezimbiwa, amandla enuzi azobhekelwa kakhulu.


Isikhathi Iposi: Mar-02-2021